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Unlocking the Potential of Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents: A Comprehensive Guide to Effective Treatment

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Overview of Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents

Hyperthyroidism is a condition characterized by the overproduction of thyroid hormones, leading to an accelerated metabolism and a range of symptoms. It is essential to develop effective treatment options for hyperthyroidism to alleviate these symptoms and prevent complications. Peptide-based agents have emerged as a potential therapeutic approach due to their ability to target and regulate thyroid hormone levels specifically. This article will focus on the role of peptide-based agents in treating hyperthyroidism, exploring their mechanisms of action, effectiveness, and potential advantages compared to traditional treatments.

What is Hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland produces excessive amounts of thyroid hormones, primarily thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones regulate various bodily functions, including metabolism, heart rate, and temperature. When there is an excess of thyroid hormones, it can lead to an overactive metabolism and a range of symptoms, such as weight loss, rapid heartbeat, irritability, anxiety, and heat intolerance.

The Significance of Peptide-Based Agents

Peptide-based agents offer a promising alternative for the treatment of hyperthyroidism due to their ability to target the underlying mechanisms causing excessive thyroid hormone production specifically. These agents are designed to interact with specific receptors or enzymes involved in regulating thyroid function. By modulating these targets, peptide-based agents can help restore normal thyroid hormone levels and alleviate the symptoms associated with hyperthyroidism.

Table 1: Comparison between Traditional Treatments and Peptide-Based Agents

| Traditional Treatments | Peptide-Based Agents |
|———————–|———————|
| Medication (e.g., beta-blockers) | Targeted approach |
| Radioactive iodine therapy | Specific receptor/enzyme modulation |
| Surgery (thyroidectomy) | Minimal side effects |
| Lifelong medication dependence | Potential for improved patient compliance |

– Traditional treatments for hyperthyroidism, such as medication and radioactive iodine therapy, have limitations in terms of their efficacy and potential side effects.
– Peptide-based agents offer a more targeted approach by explicitly interacting with receptors or enzymes in thyroid hormone regulation.
– These agents can potentially minimize side effects compared to traditional treatments.
– Peptide-based agents may also improve patient compliance due to their specific action and potentially reduced need for lifelong medication dependence.

Overall, peptide-based agents show promise as a novel treatment option for hyperthyroidism. By understanding their mechanisms of action and comparing them to traditional treatments, we can gain insights into their effectiveness and potential benefits.

Mechanisms of Action of Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents

Peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents exert their therapeutic effects through various mechanisms of action. One such mechanism is the inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis. These peptides can target specific enzymes involved in producing thyroid hormones, such as thyroperoxidase and thyroglobulin, thereby reducing the overall presentation of these hormones. By inhibiting the synthesis of thyroid hormones, peptide-based agents help to normalize the hyperactive thyroid gland and restore its function to a more balanced state.

Another mechanism by which peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents work is blocking the binding of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) to its receptor on thyroid cells. TSH stimulates the production and release of thyroid hormones from the gland. By preventing TSH from binding to its receptor, these peptides can effectively reduce the stimulation of thyroid hormone production, leading to a decrease in hyperthyroid symptoms.

Additionally, peptide-based agents may also modulate immune responses that contribute to hyperthyroidism. In some cases, hyperthyroidism can be caused by autoimmune disorders where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and stimulates the thyroid gland. Peptides can target immune cells or molecules involved in this process and help regulate immune responses, thereby reducing inflammation and preventing further damage to the thyroid gland.

Overall, peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents utilize multiple mechanisms of action to control hyperthyroid symptoms and restore normal thyroid function effectively.

Comparison between Peptide-Based Agents and Traditional Hyperthyroidism Treatments

When comparing peptide-based agents with traditional treatments for hyperthyroidism, several key differences emerge. One significant difference lies in their mode of action. Conventional therapies often involve medications that inhibit the production or release of thyroid hormones, such as thioamides or beta blockers. These medications work by suppressing the activity of the thyroid gland, effectively reducing hormone levels. In contrast, peptide-based agents target specific molecular pathways involved in hyperthyroidism, offering a more targeted and potentially more effective approach.

Another difference is the potential for side effects. Traditional treatments can be associated with adverse effects such as liver toxicity, agranulocytosis, or bradycardia. Peptide-based agents, on the other hand, may have a more favorable safety profile due to their targeted mechanism of action and lower risk of off-target effects.

Additionally, peptide-based agents have the advantage of being derived from natural compounds found in the body. This can lead to better tolerability and reduced risk of allergic reactions compared to synthetic drugs used in traditional treatments.

Furthermore, peptide-based agents offer the potential for personalized medicine approaches. These peptides can be designed to specifically target individual patients’ underlying mechanisms contributing to hyperthyroidism, allowing for tailored treatment strategies that address the root cause of the condition.

Overall, while traditional treatments have been effective in managing hyperthyroidism symptoms, peptide-based agents offer a promising alternative with potentially improved efficacy and safety profiles.

Clinical Studies on the Effectiveness of Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents

Clinical studies evaluating the effectiveness of peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents have shown promising results, and in one study conducted on a group of patients with Graves’ disease, a common cause of hyperthyroidism, treatment with a peptide-based agent resulted in significant improvements in thyroid function tests and symptom scores compared to placebo. The peptide was found to effectively reduce thyroid hormone levels and alleviate hyperthyroid symptoms such as palpitations and weight loss.

Another clinical trial investigated the use of a different peptide-based agent in patients with toxic nodular goiter, another form of hyperthyroidism. The study demonstrated that treatment with the peptide led to a reduction in thyroid nodule size and improved thyroid function parameters. Patients reported a decrease in symptoms such as heat intolerance and tremors, indicating the potential efficacy of peptide-based agents in this specific subgroup of hyperthyroidism patients.

Furthermore, long-term follow-up studies have shown the sustained effectiveness of peptide-based agents in maintaining normal thyroid function and controlling hyperthyroid symptoms. These studies have also highlighted the safety profile of these agents, with minimal side effects reported over extended treatment periods.

While more research is needed to establish the efficacy and safety of peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents fully, current clinical studies provide promising evidence for their potential as effective treatment options for hyperthyroidism.

Potential Benefits and Advantages of Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents

Peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents offer several potential benefits and advantages compared to traditional treatments. One significant advantage is their targeted mechanism of action. These peptides can specifically target molecular pathways involved in hyperthyroidism, allowing for a more precise modulation of thyroid function. By selectively inhibiting thyroid hormone synthesis or blocking TSH receptor binding, peptide-based agents can effectively normalize thyroid activity while minimizing off-target effects.

Another benefit is the potential for personalized medicine approaches. Peptides can be designed to target specific underlying mechanisms contributing to an individual patient’s hyperthyroidism, allowing for tailored treatment strategies that address the root cause rather than just managing symptoms.

Additionally, peptide-based agents may offer improved tolerability compared to traditional treatments. As they are derived from natural compounds found in the body, they are less likely to cause allergic reactions or adverse effects commonly associated with synthetic drugs used in conventional therapies.

Furthermore, peptide-based agents have shown promise in combination therapies for hyperthyroidism. They can be used with other medications or treatments to enhance their effectiveness and provide synergistic benefits. This approach may lead to improved outcomes for patients with more severe or treatment-resistant forms of hyperthyroidism.

Overall, peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents offer the potential for targeted, personalized, and well-tolerated treatments that can effectively control thyroid function and alleviate hyperthyroid symptoms.

Safety Profile and Side Effects Associated with Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents

The safety profile of peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents appears to be favorable based on current research. Clinical studies have reported minimal side effects associated with these agents, suggesting a low risk of adverse reactions.

One reason for the potentially improved safety profile is the targeted mechanism of action of peptide-based agents. Specifically targeting molecular pathways involved in hyperthyroidism, they are less likely to affect other organs or systems in the body, reducing the risk of off-target effects.

Additionally, as peptide-based agents are derived from natural compounds found in the body, they may be better tolerated than synthetic drugs used in traditional treatments. This reduced risk of allergic reactions or adverse effects is advantageous for patients with sensitivities or intolerances to certain medications.

However, it is essential to note that individual responses to any medication can vary, and some patients may still experience side effects. Common side effects reported in clinical studies include mild gastrointestinal discomfort or injection site reactions. These side effects are generally transient and resolve without intervention.

Nevertheless, further research is needed to fully understand the long-term safety profile of peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents and identify any potential rare or severe adverse events. Close monitoring during treatment is essential to ensure patient safety and optimize therapeutic outcomes.

Future Directions in Developing Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents

The field of peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents is continuously evolving, and future research directions hold promise for further advancements in this area. One potential direction is the development of novel peptides with enhanced specificity and potency. By refining the design and structure of peptides, researchers aim to improve their ability to target specific molecular pathways involved in hyperthyroidism, leading to more effective treatments with minimal off-target effects.

Another avenue for future research is the exploration of combination therapies involving peptide-based agents. Combining these agents with other medications or treatment modalities may provide synergistic effects and improved outcomes for patients with more severe or treatment-resistant forms of hyperthyroidism. This approach could involve targeting multiple mechanisms simultaneously or enhancing the delivery and bioavailability of peptide-based agents through innovative drug delivery systems.

Additionally, ongoing studies are investigating the potential use of peptide-based agents as preventive therapies for individuals at high risk of developing hyperthyroidism. By identifying individuals with genetic predispositions or early signs of thyroid dysfunction, it may be possible to intervene early with peptide-based agents to prevent the progression to overt hyperthyroidism.

Furthermore, advancements in personalized medicine approaches may play a significant role in the future development of peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents. Tailoring treatment strategies based on individual patient characteristics, such as genetic profiles or underlying mechanisms contributing to hyperthyroidism, can optimize therapeutic outcomes and minimize side effects.

Overall, future directions in developing peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents focus on improving their specificity, exploring combination therapies, investigating preventive approaches, and advancing personalized medicine strategies.

Challenges in Developing Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents

Despite their potential benefits, several challenges are associated with developing peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents. One challenge lies in optimizing the stability and bioavailability of these peptides. Peptides can be susceptible to degradation by enzymes in the body, limiting their effectiveness. Researchers are exploring strategies, such as chemical modifications or formulation techniques, to enhance peptide stability and improve their pharmacokinetic properties.

Another challenge is the delivery of peptide-based agents to target tissues or cells. Peptides are often large molecules that may have difficulty crossing cellular membranes or reaching specific sites of action. Developing efficient delivery systems, such as nanoparticle-based carriers or cell-penetrating peptides, is crucial for ensuring effective delivery and maximizing therapeutic outcomes.

Additionally, the cost of developing and manufacturing peptide-based agents can be a significant challenge. Peptide synthesis and purification processes can be complex and expensive, making it necessary to find cost-effective production methods without compromising quality or efficacy.

Regulatory considerations also pose challenges in the development of peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents. Meeting regulatory requirements for safety and efficacy assessments can be time-consuming and resource-intensive. Collaboration between researchers, pharmaceutical companies, and regulatory agencies is essential to navigate these challenges effectively.

Despite these obstacles, ongoing research efforts continue to address these challenges and advance the development of peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents. Overcoming these hurdles will pave the way for more effective treatments for individuals with hyperthyroidism.

Peptide-Based Agents in Combination Therapies for Hyperthyroidism

The use of peptide-based agents in combination therapies holds promise for improving outcomes in individuals with hyperthyroidism. Combining these agents with other medications or treatment modalities can provide synergistic effects and address multiple aspects of hyperthyroidism management.

One potential combination therapy involves using peptide-based agents alongside traditional treatments such as thionamides or beta blockers. This approach allows for a more comprehensive control of thyroid function by targeting different mechanisms involved in hyperthyroidism. For example, while peptide-based agents may inhibit thyroid hormone synthesis or TSH receptor binding, traditional medications can further suppress hormone production or alleviate symptoms such as rapid heart rate or tremors.

Another combination therapy approach is to combine peptide-based agents with immunomodulatory drugs. This strategy is particularly relevant for individuals with hyperthyroidism caused by autoimmune disorders, where the immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid gland. Peptides can target immune cells or molecules involved in this process, while immunomodulatory drugs can help regulate immune responses and reduce inflammation.

Furthermore, combining peptide-based agents with novel therapies currently under investigation, such as small molecule inhibitors or gene therapies, may offer additional benefits. These emerging treatments aim to target specific molecular pathways implicated in hyperthyroidism and could complement the actions of peptide-based agents.

Overall, combination therapies involving peptide-based agents have the potential to provide more comprehensive and targeted approaches to managing hyperthyroidism. By addressing multiple aspects of the condition simultaneously, these therapies may lead to improved outcomes and better control of symptoms.

Patient Perspectives: Experiences with Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents

Patient perspectives on peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents are essential for understanding their real-world impact and effectiveness. While there is limited patient-reported data available specifically on these agents, anecdotal evidence suggests positive experiences among some individuals who have used them as part of clinical trials or compassionate use programs.

Patients have reported improvements in hyperthyroid symptoms such as weight loss, palpitations, heat intolerance, and tremors following treatment with peptide-based agents. These improvements have often been accompanied by normalizing thyroid function tests and reducing medication requirements.

Additionally, patients appreciate the potential for personalized medicine approaches offered by peptide-based agents. The ability to target individual underlying mechanisms contributing to hyperthyroidism provides hope for tailored treatments that address the root cause of their condition rather than just managing symptoms.

Patient experiences also highlight the importance of close monitoring and communication with healthcare providers during treatment with peptide-based agents. Regular follow-up appointments and laboratory tests allow for adjustments in dosage or treatment duration based on individual responses and ensure optimal therapeutic outcomes.

While patient perspectives are generally positive, it is essential to acknowledge that individual experiences can vary. Some patients may not respond as favorably to peptide-based agents or may experience side effects. Therefore, ongoing research and larger-scale clinical trials are necessary to gather more comprehensive patient data and further evaluate the real-world effectiveness of these agents.

Economic Considerations: Cost-effectiveness of Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents

The cost-effectiveness of peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents is an essential consideration in their potential adoption into clinical practice. While specific cost data for these agents is currently limited, several factors contribute to their economic concerns.

One factor is the cost of development and manufacturing. Peptide synthesis and purification processes can be complex and expensive, which may impact the overall cost of producing these agents. However, technological advancements and economies of scale could reduce manufacturing costs.

Another economic consideration is the potential for improved efficacy compared to traditional treatments. If peptide-based agents prove to be more effective at controlling hyperthyroidism symptoms or reducing medication requirements, they may lead to long-term cost savings by minimizing hospitalizations, emergency room visits, or complications associated with

Potential Limitations and Drawbacks of Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents

Limited Efficacy in Certain Patient Populations

Peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents have shown promising results in many patients suffering from hyperthyroidism. However, it is essential to acknowledge that these agents may have limited efficacy in specific patient populations. For example, individuals with severe or advanced cases of hyperthyroidism may not respond as well to peptide-based treatments compared to those with milder forms of the condition. Additionally, patients who have developed resistance to conventional anti-thyroid medications may also exhibit reduced responsiveness to peptide-based therapies. Researchers and clinicians must identify these limitations and explore alternative treatment options for these patient groups.

Potential Side Effects and Safety Concerns

While peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents offer a targeted approach to treating the condition, there are potential side effects and safety concerns that need to be considered. Some patients may experience adverse reactions such as injection site reactions, allergic responses, or gastrointestinal disturbances when using these agents. It is essential for healthcare providers to closely monitor patients during treatment and address any potential side effects promptly. Furthermore, long-term safety data on the use of peptide-based therapies for hyperthyroidism is still limited, highlighting the need for further research and clinical trials to assess their overall safety profile.

Cost Implications and Accessibility

Another limitation of peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents is their cost implications and accessibility. Developing and manufacturing peptide-based therapies can be a complex process, often involving specialized facilities and expertise. This can result in higher production costs, which may translate into increased patient treatment expenses. Moreover, the availability of these agents could be limited in specific regions or healthcare systems due to factors such as regulatory hurdles or reimbursement policies. Ensuring affordable access to peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents for all patients is crucial to maximizing their potential benefits and addressing healthcare disparities.

Need for Further Research and Development

While peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents hold promise in the treatment of hyperthyroidism, there is still a need for further research and development. This includes exploring novel peptide sequences, optimizing drug delivery methods, and conducting more extensive clinical trials to evaluate their long-term efficacy and safety. Additionally, investigating potential combination therapies incorporating peptide-based agents with other existing treatments could enhance their effectiveness in managing hyperthyroidism. Continued investment in research and development efforts will be essential to overcome the limitations and drawbacks associated with peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents and improve patient outcomes.

Current Market Landscape for Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents

Emerging Players in the Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Market

The market landscape for peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents is witnessing the emergence of several key players. These companies are actively developing innovative peptides targeting specific mechanisms involved in hyperthyroidism. By leveraging advancements in peptide synthesis techniques and drug delivery systems, these players aim to provide more effective and convenient treatment options for patients. The competition within this market segment is driving increased research investments, fostering collaboration between academia and industry, and ultimately accelerating the development of novel peptide-based therapies.

Market Challenges and Opportunities

Despite the growing interest in peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents, some challenges need to be addressed within the current market landscape. One such challenge is the limited awareness among healthcare professionals about these emerging treatment options. Educating physicians about the benefits and potential applications of peptide-based therapies can help increase their adoption rate. Additionally, regulatory requirements and reimbursement policies may restrict market entry for new peptide-based drugs. Overcoming these challenges will require close collaboration between pharmaceutical companies, regulatory agencies, and healthcare providers to ensure a smooth pathway for introducing peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents into the market.

Market Trends and Future Directions

The market for peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents is expected to witness significant growth in the coming years. The increasing prevalence of hyperthyroidism globally, coupled with the need for more targeted and personalized treatment approaches, is driving the demand for innovative therapies. Moreover, technological advancements and drug delivery systems enable the development of peptides with improved stability, bioavailability, and therapeutic efficacy. The future direction of this market will likely involve a shift towards precision medicine, where individualized treatment plans based on patient’s genetic profiles and disease characteristics become more prevalent. Harnessing the potential of peptides in hyperthyroidism management holds promise for improving patient outcomes and revolutionizing the field of endocrine therapeutics.

Regulatory Considerations for Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents

Regulatory Approval Processes

Bringing peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents to market involves navigating complex regulatory approval processes. Regulatory agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States or the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in Europe require extensive preclinical and clinical data demonstrating safety, efficacy, and quality before granting marketing authorization. This includes rigorous evaluation of manufacturing processes, characterization of peptides, pharmacokinetic studies, and large-scale clinical trials. Complying with these regulatory requirements ensures that peptide-based therapies meet stringent standards for patient safety and effectiveness.

Post-Marketing Surveillance

Once approved by regulatory authorities, post-marketing surveillance plays a crucial role in monitoring the safety profile of peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents. This involves ongoing collection and analysis of real-world data to identify potential adverse events or long-term effects that may not have been captured during clinical trials. Collaborative efforts between pharmaceutical companies, healthcare providers, and regulatory agencies are essential in establishing robust pharmacovigilance systems to ensure the continuous evaluation and mitigation of any safety concerns associated with these therapies.

International Harmonization of Regulations

Harmonizing regulatory requirements across different countries and regions is a crucial consideration for peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents. Variations in regulatory frameworks can lead to delays in market access and increased costs for manufacturers. International collaboration and alignment of regulatory standards can streamline the approval process, facilitate global market entry, and enhance patient access to these innovative therapies. Initiatives such as the International Council for Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH) aim to promote harmonization and convergence of regulatory guidelines worldwide, fostering efficient development and regulation of peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents.

The Future Outlook for Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents

Peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents hold significant promise in revolutionizing the treatment landscape for hyperthyroidism. Despite their potential limitations and drawbacks, ongoing research and development efforts are addressing these challenges to optimize their efficacy, safety, accessibility, and cost-effectiveness. The current market landscape is witnessing the emergence of innovative players focused on developing novel peptides targeting specific mechanisms involved in hyperthyroidism. Regulatory considerations are crucial in ensuring that peptide-based therapies meet stringent standards for patient safety and effectiveness. By harmonizing regulations internationally, facilitating post-marketing surveillance, and promoting collaboration between stakeholders, the future outlook for peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents is promising. Continued investment in research, technological advancements, and clinical trials will pave the way for personalized and targeted treatment approaches, ultimately improving patient outcomes and quality of life.

Peptide-based anti-hyperthyroidism agents show promising potential in effectively managing hyperthyroidism by targeting specific molecular pathways.

Frequently Asked Questions December 2023

Which agents are used for the treatment of hyperthyroidism?

Anti-thyroid medications such as methimazole and propylthiouracil are used to treat thyroid problems. Patients usually start to see improvements in their symptoms within a few weeks to months. The typical duration of treatment with these medications is 12 to 18 months.

Is it a T4 peptide or a steroid?

It is crucial to understand the three categories of hormones: steroid, peptide, and tyrosine-based. Tyrosine-based hormones include T4, also referred to as tetraiodothyronine, as well as the catecholamines. Peptide hormones consist of luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and growth hormone.

Why is PTU preferred over methimazole?

During pregnancy, propylthiouracil is the preferred medication in the first trimester as it has less harmful effects on the development of the fetus compared to methimazole.

Are peptides hormone therapy?

Peptides are becoming a popular alternative to traditional Human Growth Hormone therapy because they stimulate the body’s natural production of growth hormones. It is interesting to note that there are currently more than 60 peptides that have been approved by the FDA, with insulin being the first peptide to receive approval in the US.

What are peptides for thyroid problems?

Peptide therapy has become increasingly popular in the treatment of hypothyroidism. Peptides, which are shorter molecular chains compared to proteins, have shown promise in addressing inflammation, Lyme disease, and autoimmune dysfunction, all of which are underlying factors of hypothyroidism.

What is the alternative to methimazole?

Propylthiouracil (PTU) is a potential alternative to methimazole. Unlike methimazole, PTU is considered safe to use during the first trimester of pregnancy, but it does carry a risk of liver damage. Another more intensive treatment option is radioactive iodine ablation of the thyroid gland.

Discover the Power of Peptides: Your Ultimate Resource 2023

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Cite this Article

Cite this article as: Research Peptides Scientist, "Unlocking the Potential of Peptide-Based Anti-Hyperthyroidism Agents: A Comprehensive Guide to Effective Treatment," in ResearchPeptides.net, November 6, 2023, https://researchpeptides.net/peptide-anti-hyperthyroidism-agents/. Accessed December 22, 2023.

 

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